Indian mathematicians are marked in red

Other non-Greek, non-islamic mathematicians are marked in blue

With courtesy of http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/index.html

From History of Mathematics Timeline back to History of Mathematics webpage.

Diophantus |
[His epitaph.] This tomb hold Diophantus Ah, what a marvel! And the tomb tells scientifically the measure of his life. God vouchsafed that he should be a boy for the sixth part of his life; when a twelfth was added, his cheeks acquired a beard; He kindled for him the light of marriage after a seventh, and in the fifth year after his marriage He granted him a son. Alas! late-begotten and miserable child, when he had reached the measure of half his father's life, the chill grave took him. After consoling his grief by this science of numbers for four years, he reached the end of his life. Quoted in J R Newman (ed.) The World of Mathematics (New York 1956). |

Euler |
[upon losing the use of his right eye] Now I will have less distraction. Quoted in H Eves In Mathematical Circles (Boston 1969). |

Archimedes |
There are things which seem incredible to most men who have not studied mathematics. Quoted in D MacHale, Comic Sections (Dublin 1993) |

Decartes |
Each problem that I solved became a rule which served afterwards to solve other problems. Discours de la Methode |